Mass Digitization

An estimated 100m or more books have been produced since Johann Gutenberg invented movable type in the 15th century. A large part of this vast literature is now being converted to digital books and moved into the world of electronic publishing.

A significant effort is being made by a number of universities and companies such as Google and (until recently) Microsoft to digitally capture the content of huge numbers of books. This mass digitization of the world’s literature is made possible by agreements made with major libraries around the world. Google reached a total of 1 million books scanned and digitized in early 2007. Digital publishing has to some degree replaced this effort where newly published books are concerned, but the vast body of literature was printed before 2010 when major publishers began to generate eBooks directly.

Google Book Search and Digitization of Books

Helping Google’s mass digitization of books are a number of important libraries. Initially a group five libraries agreed to help Google. These are the New York Public Library, the libraries of the Universities of Stanford, Harvard, and Michigan, and the world-renowned Bodleian Library (founded in 1602) at the University of Oxford. Each of these libraries agreed (in December 2004) to allow Google to undertake mass digitization projects and to make their stock of books available in a digital library via Google Book Search (books.google.com). The combined result of the mass digitization of these five library collections will a digital library containing about 30 million volumes.

The University of Virginia, a pioneer in digitizing public domain materials, has also joined the Google book digitization project, as has the University of California, the University of Wisconsin-Madison Libraries and the Wisconsin Historical Society Library. Google is conducting this mass digitization under the auspices of the Open Content Alliance (opencontentalliance.org).

Japan’s Keio University Library was the first Japanese partner (and the 26th library overall) to join Google’s mass digitalization of books effort, the Google Books Library Project. At least 120,000 public domain books from the Keio University collections will be digitized.

Digitization of Bavarian State Library Collection German and other European Language Books

A very large and significant European language library is being digitized in a partnership between Google and the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (Bavarian State Library). German-readers will be able to access the library’s public domain works online through Google Book Search. The Bavarian State Library is one of Europe’s most important and renowned international research libraries. Its partnership with the Google Books Library Project will see more than a million out-of-copyright books being digitized. These range from well-loved German classics by the Brothers Grimm and Goethe to extensive collections previously only available to those able to consult the library’s stacks. In addition to German-language works, the library’s collection includes numerous out-of-copyright works in French, Spanish, Latin, Italian and English. Some of the works of the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek date back to the very first moments of book printing and bear incredible cultural meaning.

Digitization of Libraries focused on Spanish Literature and Latin American History

Recently the University of Texas at Austin agreed to allow Google to mass digitize more than a million books in its libraries. Significantly, this includes the University of Texas’ world-renowned Nettie Lee Benson Latin American Collection which contains many important works from early Latin America history. Other spanish literature collections which Google is progressively including in Google Book Search include those of The National Library of Catalonia, University Complutense of Madrid, and the University of California.

British Library Online Project

In a separate deal, Microsoft has made arrangements with the British Library to mass digitize about 100,000 books. Microsoft scanned about 25 million pages from the British Library during 2006. In May 2008, Microsoft announced it was bringing to a close it’s book search project. To that date Microsoft said it had digitized 750,000 books and indexed 80 million journal articles. Microsoft said that Books and scholarly publications will continue to be integrated into Microsoft Search results, but not through separate indexes.

Universal Digital Library

The Universal Digital Library (UDL) is an initiative by Carnegie Mellon University and a number of UDL partners in China, India, and Egypt to mass digitize human knowledge by capturing all books in digital format and make them freely available over the internet. The Universal Digital Library has a particular focus on digitizing (and storing safely) rare and unique books from around the world. When and if there is a question about a book’s copyright only 15 percent of the book is published online – however the entire book is scanned and archived by the Universal Digital Library.

An initial goal for the Universal Digital Library was the Million Book Digital Library project. The project’s objective was to mass digitize over a million books to demonstrate the feasibility of the Universal Digital Library. This is less than 1% of all books in all languages ever published. (The total number of different titles indexed in OCLC’s WorldCat is about 48 million). The 1 million target was reached in April 2007. By the end of 2007 over 1.5 million books had been digitized. A secondary objective of the Million Book Digital Library project is to provide a test bed that will support other researchers who are working on improved scanning techniques, improved optical character recognition, and improved indexing.

Market Size for Online Book Publishing, Digital Publishing, and eBooks

Most efforts to achieve the mass digitization of libraries are focused on making knowledge and documents widely accessible – particularly where documents are of historic significance.

The commercial market opportunity for sales of digitized books, magazines, and newspapers has recently begun to expand dramatically. Hand-held devices such as Amazon’s Kindle and now the success of the Apple iPad, along with devices from Boarders’ kobo and Motorola Xoom, have made eBook-reading both practicable and pleasurable.

In June 2011, Apple reported that more than 130 million books had been downloaded from their Apple iBookstore (originally an App on iOS devices like the iPad, now part of iTunes), having signed-up major publishers including Harper Collins, Macmillan, Simon & Shuster, Hachette Book Group, Penguin, and Random House.

At present it seems that reading books on laptops and portable book readers is far less appealing to most people than the form factor which the world has used for centuries: printed books. That said, digital publishing is clearly a growing trend, and most print publications also have online editions.

While not the only factor involved, the preference for paper books is currently influencing the market size for online book publishing. Publisher Simon & Schuster reported that its sales of electronic books in 2007 were about $1 million (out of total annual sales of roughly $1 billion), though the company plans to double the size of its catalogue of eBooks during 2008. In 2005 digital copies of books generated sales of just US$12 million. That gave digital publishing a market share of under 0.5%: the book publishing industry achieved sales of US$25 billion in 2005, according to the Association of American Publishers.

Commentary on Mass Digitization of Books, including Copyright issues and legal challenges.

Webcast of conference on the effects of Mass Digitization of books on Libraries at the University of Michigan.

Asbestos Exposure Types Asbestos is a helpful component.

Asbestos Exposure Types Asbestos is a helpful component, in many industries especially. As a natural element, deposits of asbestos could be found in several communities and mines naturally. It would not be hazardous to wellness unless disturbed http://cialissuomi.com/tadalafiili.html . Medical findings suggest that asbestos dusts are found in linings of the lung’s mesothelium in individuals. But how could anyone be exposed to such? There are two general types of asbestos exposure types. First, exposure to the component could occur naturally. Some deposits of the element could be shallow that asbestos could possibly be underneath the topsoil layer. That is risky because it could be conveniently ‘disturbed’ through structure of structures, landscaping, farming, and alternative activities. Continue reading

In the October 2012 issue of The Annals of Thoracic Surgery according to a study published.

Ranucci said. Anemia should be identified in advance of heart surgery Within an invited commentary in the same concern, Jeremiah R. Dark brown, PhD, MS, an Associate Professor at The Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Practice at the Geisel School of Medication in Hanover, NH, wrote that the Ranucci paper presents a convincing case for adding serious anemia to current cardiac surgery treatment preoperative mortality models and called on cardiothoracic societies in the US and Europe to evaluate existing versions. Dr. Ranucci’s work demonstrates that cardiac surgeons have to know about the preoperative presence of serious anemia when estimating the operative mortality risk, stated Dr. Brown. Doing this will provide patients with a far more accurate estimate of operative risk than available in our risk models for informing surgeons and patients about the possible dangers of medical procedures. Continue reading

Stage set for bigger study The Side-Out Foundation&39.

Beyond molecular profiling, the pilot research also included mapping proteomic pathways within the tumor cells so each individual could receive a highly targeted regimen made to impede their malignancy growth. All the sufferers in the recent study had advanced breast tumor that had progressed pursuing multiple previous chemotherapy remedies. Of the 25 patients, 13 received clinical advantage due to molecular profiling. For all 25 individuals, the therapy selected based on their tumor analysis was unique of what they would have received in their following planned treatment, if indeed they had not participated in the scholarly research. Continue reading

Cancer Treatment For treating the tumors understanding the procedure method is important also.

Cancer Treatment For treating the tumors understanding the procedure method is important also. This can help the victim in the feeling that it causes least harm to the physical body, and minimizes redevelopment of the tumor cells liquid dosage . Understanding the Treatment Cancer treatment is a very sensitive procedure and it must be dealt with in the proper spirit. If not, you are risking your wellbeing. An unsuitable treatment can verify detrimental to your wellbeing. The intensity and tenure of treatment depends upon the development and character of the tumor. You’ll be able to control the improvement of tumor cells if they are detected with time. As the strength of infection boosts, your chances of curing the malignant cells decrease. Continue reading

For acquisition of Intellectual Real estate & Advertising Authorizations.

Aurobindo in addition has acquired visible OTC brands – Mapooro and Carmiooro from TAD as part of this offer. This is actually the Company’s third acquisition in European countries, after obtaining Milpharm Ltd in UK and Pharmacin International B.V., in Netherlands. THE BUSINESS believes that such acquisitions decrease the time and energy to market and improve the human relationships in the generic worth chain furthermore to building a wide and formidable item portfolio. Motilal Oswal Purchase Advisors Pvt Ltd, was the advisor to the ongoing company on the transaction. Continue reading

Atkins pressing new corporate image Atkins Nutriotionals.

Their brand-new marketing campaign comes as a bunch of rivals, including those pressing spinoff diet programs like South Seaside, seek to profit from Americans’ fight against weight problems and topple Atkins from its market-leading placement. Related StoriesPre-clinical research demonstrates results of advanced prebiotic on neuro-inflammation, anxietyBrain wellness: how will you decrease cognitive decline? An interview with Heather Snyder, Ph.D.Low-fat diet plans usually do not lead to better weight loss in longterm, shows meta-analysis researchAnalysts say Atkins’ backers, investment bank Goldman Sachs and personal equity strong Parthenon Capital, may choose to get the firm in shape for an early on IPO and changing its image could be section of that process. Continue reading

Says the Canadian Cancer Society.

Our Vitamin D recommendation is founded on the developing body of evidence about the potential link between Vitamin D and reducing risk for colorectal and breast cancers. In consultation with their healthcare companies, the Society recommends that: – Adults living in Canada should think about taking Vitamin D supplementation of just one 1,000 international models a day during the fall and wintertime. – Adults at higher risk of having lower Vitamin D levels should think about going for a Vitamin D product of 1 1,000 IU/day time all full all year round. Continue reading

ScreenCell enter collaboration contract for imaging of CTC BioView Ltd.

Our objective in designing ScreenCell systems was to make a universal system, not really limited to recognition of cells of non-epithelial origin and free from any bias potentially from the usage of antibodies for cell catch, stated David Znaty, CEO of ScreenCell. Our goal is to aid a breakthrough in individualized medication by creating a noninvasive evaluation of particular therapeutic targets and ‘genuine time’ monitoring of focus on evolution which we highly believe will become facilitated by merging ScreenCell and BioView systems. .. BioView, ScreenCell enter collaboration contract for imaging of CTC BioView Ltd. Continue reading

Tumor screenings are spreading deadly superbugs now.

Tumor screenings are spreading deadly superbugs now, say reports A fresh study published in the Journal of Urology warns in regards to a newly-recognized danger associated with cancers screenings – – the pass on of deadly ‘superbugs.’ According to the record, biopsies, prostate-particular antigen assessments, and other invasive malignancy screening procedures are a direct cause of serious infections, many of which result in death eventually http://farmaciaunica.com/kamagra-gold/ . Continue reading

A risk reduced amount of 15 %.

Full results of the ‘147 research were provided for the first time today in a late-breaking plenary program at the American Urological Association 2011 Annual Getting together with in Washington, D.C. With effective therapies right now set up for both early prostate malignancy and advanced prostate cancer, there exists a gap in the treatment plan for those individuals who are castrate-resistant but possess not yet created metastatic disease. Continue reading

This content was reprinted from kaiserhealthnews.

Related StoriesRE.Function showcases future technology and improvements in deep learning softwareReducing hospital readmissions through Transitional Care: an interview with Rani KhetarpalOJ Bio in Medica 2015 – Point of Care diagnostics' part in reducing antibiotics prescribingUpToDate addresses more than 7,700 topics in 15 medical specialties and includes more than 80,000 pages of graphics and text message, along with links to Medline abstracts, a lot more than 260,000 references and a drug database. Content is reviewed and updated by doctor editors and authors continuously. Furthermore to integrated links to UpToDate and other trusted resources of medical evidence, ProVation Order Sets offer the flexibility to link additional clinical resources based upon client needs and choices. Continue reading

This type of analysis doesnt get the media hype that Big Pharmas miracle medications do.

CoQ-10 treats diabetic neuropathy The marvels of CoQ-10 continue being discovered by actual mainstream medical research. Of course, this type of analysis doesn’t get the media hype that Big Pharma’s ‘miracle medications’ do ?how to lose weight . Thank heavens online. Two separate, recent studies on CoQ-10 had been logged into medical journals, one in the U.S. And the additional in Iran. The Iranian study was undertaken to determine the probability of increasing male potency among those people who are infertile. The U.S. Continue reading

Articles discuss usage of ICF in clinical practice.

It serves as a framework for the explanation of health insurance and disability states, very much as the ICD-10 does for disorders, injuries, and diseases. ‘It really is our hope that these articles will broaden and deepen our knowledge of ICF and could serve as an motivation for clinicians and researchers within their ambition to develop the use of ICF and for upcoming research.’ This thematic concern provides explicit types of how the ICF can be applied within neurorehabilitation and how the ICF can increase our knowledge of the possibilities that lie within this framework. The articles also highlight certain challenges and limitations with ICF and the necessity for future research. The authors are experienced in the area of ICF and have contributed to the knowledge transfer in various disciplines. Continue reading

Avastin shows guarantee in phase II research of glioblastoma multiforme Genentech.

Adverse events linked to Avastin in this trial were much like those previously reported in additional research of Avastin. The most typical severe toxicities in the Avastin only arm had been hypertension and convulsion . The most typical severe adverse occasions in the Avastin plus chemotherapy arm had been convulsion and neutropenia . Quality 1 and 3 intracranial hemorrhage happened in two individuals in the Avastin by itself arm, and one individual in the chemotherapy plus Avastin arm experienced a Quality 4 intracranial hemorrhage. There have been two deaths connected with adverse occasions in the Avastin by itself arm and something death connected with a detrimental event in the Avastin plus chemotherapy arm. Continue reading

Cedars-Sinai physicist receives William D.

Cedars-Sinai physicist receives William D. The William D. Coolidge Award may be the most prestigious award of the association and offers been given to important medical physicists such as William Coolidge, the inventor of the present day X-ray tube, and Harold Johns, who led the development and clinical usage of the first Cobalt machines for radiotherapy http://generisk-tadalafil.com . ‘The William D. Fraass,’ said Steven Piantadosi, MD, PhD, director of the Samuel Oschin Comprehensive Tumor Institute and the Stage ONE Foundation Distinguished Chair. ‘Dr.’ Related StoriesNew guidance statement on palliative treatment to be offered at 2015 Palliative Treatment in Oncology SymposiumTocagen's Toca 511 & Toca FC receives FDA orphan drug designation for treatment of glioblastomaInvestment in radiotherapy solutions could save lives, boost economy in developing countries Fraass, vice chair for Study and professor and director of Medical Physics in the Section of Radiation Oncology at Cedars-Sinai's Samuel Oschin Comprehensive Cancers Institute, is a renowned medical physicist focusing on radiation oncology, imaging-based treatment arranging, computer-controlled treatment delivery and clinical studies of radiation oncology treatment for cancer. Continue reading